Home Survival Handbook - Survival-proof your home






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Natural Disasters and What to Do
Earthquake, Flood, Hurricane, Tornado, Lightning, Winter Storm


Lightning
Indoors - stay away from windows, doors, stoves, sinks, pipes, electrical appliances, fireplaces, and radiators during a storm. It is recommended to remove plug and antenna wires from television sets. Also do not use electrical appliances or telephone - and stay out of the bathtub and shower.

Outdoors -avoid high places like hill tops, open space, wire fences, metal clotheslines, metal sheds and away from trees. Do not get into water and stay of small boats. Find cover in either a building or a car. If they are not available look for shelter in a cave, ditch, or canyon. Stay away from the highest object in the immediate area. Also, you do not want to be the highest object so as a last resort crouch or lie flat - do not let yourself touch any metal object.

Tingling skin - or if your hair stands up, drop to the ground immediately. These are signs that lightning may be about to strike you.

If struck by lightning - this person will have no lingering electrical charge so they can be handled. Someone that appears to have been 'killed' by lightning may be revived with mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, heart massage and prolonged artificial respiration. As soon as possible, seek professional help from Paramedics or other medical professionals.


Winter Storm
If there is a chance of a winter storm in your area, the following are recommended:

  • Stock extra fuel for the fireplace and extra ready-to-eat food.
  • Keep candles, flashlights and batter-powered radio ready.
  • Have thermal blankets on hand to help keep you warm in case there is loss of power.
  • Keep snow removal equipment on the porch or in the garage. Spraying the blades with a silicone will lubricate them and help keep the snow from sticking.
  • Keep rock salt or calcium chloride on hand to melt ice on the driveway and walks.
Automobile preparation - prepare by filling the gas tank and then keep the car in the garage or protected from blowing snow. Don't travel anywhere unless it is a real emergency. Have alternate routes mapped out. Don't travel alone. Don't travel unless you have snow tires or chains on the tires. Keep emergency materials like blankets, shovel, sand, in the trunk. Don't travel after dark. And, make sure someone know your destination, when you leave and estimated time of arrival.

Stranded in automobile - if stranded it is best to stay in the car, running the engine at intervals for warmth (open a window slightly) and make sure the exhaust pipe is not covered by snow. If you run out of gas, keep all the windows closed. Turn on the dome light at night, exercise to the best you can, and stand watches. Do not go to sleep under any circumstances.

Caught on foot - head immediately for any known shelter. If there is no visibility, look for a course to follow like a fence or ruts in the road. Cover your mouth and nose with a scarf to prevent suffocation from snow and wind as well as to protect your lungs, ears and face.

Caution - do not over exert yourself, i.e., shoveling, pushing a car, walking in the snow. Watch for falling icicles, use a rake to remove them, and keep snow off flat roofs.



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